Efficiency is doing things right; effectiveness is doing the right things. — Peter Drucker*

* Peter Drucker (November 19, 1909 – November 11, 2005) was a writer and management consultant. His books and scholarly and popular articles explored how humans are organized across the business, government and the nonprofit sectors of society. His writings have predicted many of the major developments of the late twentieth century, including privatization and decentralization; the rise of Japan to economic world power; the decisive importance of marketing; and the emergence of the information society with its necessity of lifelong learning.


Multiple Intelligence

Increasing Our Ability to Think Outside the Box


In a previous blog post,  I shared with you about Emotional Intelligence or EI and this week I want to share with you about Multiple Intelligence's or MI. Why the information on intelligence's  Because combining these two Intelligence Frameworks creates a powerful tool for leading others.


EI is the ability to recognize our emotions, understand what they're telling us, and realize how our emotions affect the people around us which involves ‘understanding’ our perception of others: by understanding how others feel allows us to manage relationships more effectively.


The theory of multiple intelligence's was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University. It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited. Instead, Dr. Gardner proposes eight different intelligence's to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults.


These intelligence's are:

  • Linguistic intelligence ("word smart")
  • Logical-mathematical intelligence ("number/reasoning smart")
  • Spatial intelligence ("picture smart")
  • Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence ("body smart")
  • Musical intelligence ("music smart")
  • Interpersonal intelligence ("people smart")
  • Intra-personal intelligence ("self smart")
  • Naturalist intelligence ("nature smart")

According to Gardner, our schools and culture focus most of their attention on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence. We esteem the highly articulate or logical people of our culture. However, Dr. Gardner says that we should also place equal attention on individuals who show gifts in the other intelligence's  the artists, architects, musicians, naturalists, designers, dancers, therapists, entrepreneurs, and others who enrich the world in which we live. Unfortunately, many children who have these gifts do not receive much reinforcement for them in school. Many of these kids, in fact, end up being labeled "learning disabled," "ADD (attention deficit disorder," or simply underachievers, when their unique ways of thinking and learning are not addressed by a heavily linguistic or logical-mathematical classroom. The theory of MI proposes a major transformation in the way our schools are run. It suggests that teachers be trained to present their lessons in a wide variety of ways using music, cooperative learning, art activities, role play, multimedia, field trips, inner reflection, and much more. The good news is that the theory of multiple intelligence's has grabbed the attention of many educators around the country, and hundreds of schools are currently using its philosophy to redesign the way they educate children. The bad news is that there are thousands of schools still out there that teach in the same old dull way, through dry lectures, and boring worksheets and textbooks. The challenge is to get this information out to many more teachers, school administrators, and others who work with children, so that each child has the opportunity to learn in ways harmonious with their unique minds.


So, what does this have to do with you?


Just because we are adults does not mean we have stopped learning. The theory of multiple intelligence's also has strong implications for adult learning and development.


How to Work or Learn in 8 Different Ways


One of the most remarkable features of the theory of MI is how it provides eight different ways to learning.


Were learn via filters:

  • Words (linguistic intelligence)
  • Numbers or logic (logical-mathematical intelligence)
  • Pictures (spatial intelligence)
  • Music (musical intelligence)
  • Self-reflection (intra-personal intelligence)
  • Physical experience (bodily-kinesthetic intelligence)
  • Social experience (interpersonal intelligence)
  • Natural world. (naturalist intelligence)

The point:

  • We all learn in different ways
  • Find out how you learn best
  • Try it out

Two things:
1. Learn how you learn the best
2. Consider taking the assessment that is tied to our Performance Coaching System -- send an email to: [email protected] -- please include your first and last name